About Bed Bugs

Bed bugs are small, flat, brown to redish-brown insects that feed on blood, biting warm-blooded animals, pets and humans. Adults grow up to 4-7 millimeters long and 4 millimeters wide. There is one particular kind of the bed bugs family – Cimex lectularius, which prefers to feed on human’s blood and it is the most common bed bug in urban environment

Bed bugs are often carried around with luggage, furniture and clothing. These bugs are tiny, agile and they hide well in all kinds of belongings. Sometimes bed bugs migrate by themselves looking for a host. They can easily spread from one room to another and eventually infest a whole building

They usually hide within cracks and crevices associated with bed frames, mattresses, head boards, also under furniture, carpeting, laminate and wooden flooring, carton boxes and others. They prefer hiding within natural isolation like wood, paper and different fabrics

A bed bug feeds every two or three days, usually at night when people are in their deepest sleep. Bed bugs can walk up to 72 meters in just one hour looking for a blood meal

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  • One of the biggest challenges is to locate and treat all the places where bed bugs eggs might have been deposited. To make sure that all eggs have been destroyed you should wash infested bedding and clothes at high temperature, which is not lower than 60°C
  • Signs of bed bugs may be dark spotting and staining on the bed frame and mattress or rusty blood spots on the bedding. In most cases these dark spots turn out to be dry bed bug feces. There may be also traces of molted skin, eggs or eggshells or rusty blood spots
  • Varnishing all wooden surfaces like doors, furniture and especially flooring may be a great solution to prevent bed bugs from hiding or trap an existing bed bug infestation, which will eventually vanish. Another good practice is also using a silicone sealant for all the cracks and crevices near skirting boards and walls, bed frames and related furniture
  • Sometimes there are belongings that may be infested and for some reason you cannot wash them at high temperature. In this case it is recommended that you place these belongings in the freezer for a day or two. That will make sure that all life stages have been exterminated
  • Bed bugs are very resilient and they can survive without feeding for months or even for an entire year. After a blood feed their bodies swell up and immature bed bug nymphs become red in colour
  • Sensitivity of humans to bed bug bites varies from severe allergic reaction to no reaction at all, where 20% of all people do not seem to realise that they have been bitten. Most often a reaction occurs a couple of hours later or even more than 24 hours after the bite. People, allergic to bed bug bites, may receive red swellings around the area that is bitten. Bed bugs usually bite in a straight line of 2-3 bites, around the areas with softer skin of the human body
  • Bed bugs enter a semi-hibernation at temperature just below 16°C and will die after 15 minutes of exposure to -32°C. When it comes to maximum temperature, bed bugs and all of their life stages will die after 7 minutes of exposure to 46°C
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  • The newly-hatched bed bugs go through five immature stages before they enter a final adult stage and will need just one or two months to reach maturity, depending on temperature and the availability of food
  • Throughout each one of the five instars the nymphs shed their skin discarding their outer shells. Bed bugs must molt and change their skin six times before they become fertile adults. In order to complete each moult they must have a blood meal

Prior to any type of bed bug treatment a thorough inspection is required and experienced companies know that every detail should be carefully examined. For best results owners, landlords and occupants will need to assist the specialists by granting access to all of the infested areas and surrounding premises, especially bedrooms and all of the associated furniture there. For higher levels of domestic infestations and all types of commercial infestations please do not hesitate to seek more information from our experienced call centre operators.